Archivo de la etiqueta: Mythology

Descarga: Joseph Campbell, “The Masks of God, Vol. 1, Primitive Mythology” (1960)

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The author of such acclaimed books as Hero With a Thousand Faces and The Power of Myth discusses the primitive roots of mythology, examining them in light of the most recent discoveries in archaeology, anthropology, and psychology

Review

“A monument of learning, wonder, and wisdom, daringly conceived and brilliantly written by a man who is at home in the Eastern and the Western universe of spirit.… In temporal span and spatial scope and in relevance to the needs of its own day, it is unexampled.”
—Henry A. Murray, Harvard University

About the Author

Joseph Campbell was interested in mythology since his childhood in New York, when he read books about American Indians, frequently visited the American Museum of Natural History, and was fascinated by the museum’s collection of totem poles. He earned his B.A. and M.A. degrees at Columbia in 1925 and 1927 and went on to study medieval French and Sanskrit at the universities of Paris and Munich. After a period in California, where he encountered John Steinbeck and the biologist Ed Ricketts, he taught at the Canterbury School, then, in 1934, joined the literature department at Sarah Lawrence College, a post he retained for many years. During the 1940s and ’50s, he helped Swami Nikhilananda to translate the Upanishads and The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. The many books by Professor Campbell include The Hero with a Thousand FacesMyths to Live ByThe Flight of the Wild Gander, and The Mythic Image. He edited The Portable Arabian NightsThe Portable Jung, and other works. He died in 1987.

Biography

Joseph Campbell (1904–1987) was an American author and teacher best known for his work in the field of comparative mythology. He was born in New York City in 1904, and from early childhood he became interested in mythology. He loved to read books about American Indian cultures, and frequently visited the American Museum of Natural History in New York, where he was fascinated by the museum’s collection of totem poles. Campbell was educated at Columbia University, where he specialized in medieval literature, and continued his studies at universities in Paris and Munich. While abroad he was influenced by the art of Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, the novels of James Joyce and Thomas Mann, and the psychological studies of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. These encounters led to Campbell’s theory that all myths and epics are linked in the human psyche, and that they are cultural manifestations of the universal need to explain social, cosmological, and spiritual realities.

After a period in California, where he encountered John Steinbeck and the biologist Ed Ricketts, he taught at the Canterbury School, and then, in 1934, joined the literature department at Sarah Lawrence College, a post he retained for many years. During the 40s and ’50s, he helped Swami Nikhilananda to translate the Upanishads and The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. He also edited works by the German scholar Heinrich Zimmer on Indian art, myths, and philosophy. In 1944, with Henry Morton Robinson, Campbell published A Skeleton Key to Finnegans Wake. His first original work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces, came out in 1949 and was immediately well received; in time, it became acclaimed as a classic. In this study of the “myth of the hero,” Campbell asserted that there is a single pattern of heroic journey and that all cultures share this essential pattern in their various heroic myths. In his book he also outlined the basic conditions, stages, and results of the archetypal hero’s journey.

Throughout his life, he traveled extensively and wrote prolifically, authoring many books, including the four-volume series The Masks of God, Myths to Live By, The Inner Reaches of Outer Space and The Historical Atlas of World Mythology. Joseph Campbell died in 1987. In 1988, a series of television interviews with Bill Moyers, The Power of Myth, introduced Campbell’s views to millions of people.

For more on Joseph Campbell and his work, visit the web site of Joseph Campbell Foundation at JCF.org.

 

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Descarga:

Joseph Campbell-The Masks of God, Vol. 1_ Primitive Mythology-Martin Secker & Warburg (1960)

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Descarga: Robert Graves, Los Mitos Griegos I

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  1. Apasionado por el mundo clásico, Robert Graves publicó en 1955 esta recreación narrada de los mitos griegos, que se ha convertido con el paso de los años en una obra de referencia ineludible para iniciarse en el fascinante mundo de la antigüedad. La erudición y la magistral prosa de Graves combinadas dan como resultado una deslumbrante inmersión en los avatares de los héroes y los dioses, a través de una sucesión de mitos que siguen hoy iluminándonos sobre temas eternos como las pasiones, el odio, los celos, la culpa, la ambición, la codicia, el miedo, la traición, los deseos inconfesables… Forjadores de un universo simbólico que ha marcado el imaginario de Occidente a lo largo de la historia, por estas páginas desfilan Zeus, Narciso, Afrodita, Hermes, Atenea, Orestes, las Parcas, Apolo, Poseidón, Dioniso, Perseo, Sísifo, Midas, Teseo, Edipo, Penélope, Heracles… Un delicioso paseo por el mundo de los mitos griegos. Un clásico imprescindible en cualquier biblioteca.

Table of contents :
Traductor: Luis Echávarri, revisión: Lucía Graves……Page 1
PRÓLOGO……Page 3
Deyá, Mallorca, España……Page 5
INTRODUCCIÓN……Page 6
ORIGENES……Page 23
LOS MITOS HOMÉRICO Y ÓRFICO DE LA CREACIÓN……Page 27
EL MITO OLÍMPICO DE LA CREACIÓN……Page 29
LA CASTRACIÓN DE URANO……Page 35
EL NACIMIENTO DE ATENEA……Page 43
ZEUS Y METIS……Page 44
ZEUS Y HERA……Page 53
EL NACIMIENTO DE EROS……Page 59
NATURALEZA Y HECHOS DE LOS DIOSES……Page 61
LOS HIJOS DE EQUIDNA……Page 144
ALCIONE Y CEICE……Page 182
FORONEO……Page 215
LAS YEGUAS DE GLAUCO……Page 258
LA FEDERALIZACIÚN DE ÁTICA……Page 397
NATURALEZA Y HECHOS DE LOS DIOSES……Page 423
LAS CRIATURAS DEL MITO……Page 424
CICLOS DE MINOS Y TESEO……Page 425

Descarga:

Robert Graves-Los mitos griegos I. I-Alianza (1994)

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Robert Graves and Raphael Patai, The Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis

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This exhaustive exploration of the Hebrew myths and the book of Genesis resulted from a remarkable collaboration between one scholar raised as a strict Protestant and one raised as a strict Jew. It goes beyond Christian biblical and Judaic myth and incorporates midrashes, folk tales, apocryphal texts, and other obscure sources to extend and complete the stories. An intriguing view of the suppressed and censored pre-biblical accounts is the result, along with a rich sense of a culture consisting of oral and literary traditions, where the spiritual is deeply rooted in landscape and history.

Download here:

Robert Graves, Raphael Patai-The Hebrew Myths_ The Book of Genesis-Carcanet Press Ltd. (2004)

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