Archivo de la etiqueta: Free Books

Descarga: Hans Blumenberg, “La legitimación de la Edad Moderna”




In this book, Hans Blumenberg disputes the view that the modern idea of progress represents a secularization of religious belief in some divine intervention (the coming of the Messiah, the end of the world) which consummates human history from outside. Drawing from sources ranging from Aristotle and Augustine to Nietzsche, Marx, Freud, and Kuhn – with an impressive number of stops between – he argues that progress always implies a process at work within history, a process that ultimately expresses human choices, human self-assertion, and man’s responsibility for his own fate.Hans Blumenberg has been associated with Kiel University in Hamburg since 1947. The book is included in the series Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought.

Table of contents :
The Legitimacy of the Modern Age……Page 2
Contents……Page 4
Series Foreword……Page 8
Translator’s Introduction……Page 10
Part I: Secularization: Critique of a Category of Historical Wrong……Page 32
Status of the Concept……Page 34
A Dimension of Hidden Meaning?……Page 44
Progress Exposed as Fate……Page 58
Instead of Secularization of Eschatology, Secularization, by Eschatology……Page 68
Making History So As to Exonerate God?……Page 84
The Secularization Thesis as an Anachronism in the Modern Age……Page 94
The Supposed Migration of the Attribute of Infinity……Page 108
Political Theology I and II……Page 120
Part II: Theological Absolutism and Human Self-Assertion……Page 154
Introduction……Page 156
World Loss and Demiurgic Self-Determination……Page 168
A Systematic Comparison of the Epochal Crisis of Antiquity to That of the Middle Ages……Page 176
The Impossibility of Escaping a Deceiving God……Page 212
Cosmogony as a Paradigm of Self-Constitution……Page 236
Part III: The ‘Trial’ of Theoretical Curiosity……Page 258
Introduction……Page 260
The Retraction of the Socratic Turning……Page 274
The Indifference of Epicurus’s Gods……Page 294
Skepticism Contains a Residue of Trust in the Cosmos……Page 300
Preparations for a Conversion and Models for the Verdict of the ‘Trial’……Page 310
Curiosity Is Enrolled in the Catalog of Vices……Page 340
Difficulties Regarding the ‘Natural’ Status of the Appetite for Knowledge in the Scholastic System……Page 356
Preludes to a Future Overstepping of Limits……Page 374
Interest in Invisible Things within the World……Page 392
Justifications of Curiosity as Preparation for the Enlightemnent……Page 408
Curiosity and the Claim to Happiness: Voltaire to Kant……Page 434
The Integration into Anthropology: Feuerbach and Freud……Page 468
Part IV: Aspects of the Epochal Threshold: The Cusan and the Nolan……Page 486
The Epochs of the Concept: of an Epoch……Page 488
The Cusan: The World as God’s Self-Restriction……Page 514
The Nolan: The World as God’s Self-Exhaustion……Page 580
Notes……Page 628
Name Index……Page 702



Hans Blumenberg-The Legitimacy of the Modern Age (Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought)-The MIT Press (1985)

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Descarga James Rickards, “Currency Wars: the Making of the Next Global Crisis”

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In 1971, President Nixon imposed national price controls and took the United States off the gold standard, an extreme measure intended to end an ongoing currency war that had destroyed faith in the U.S. dollar. Today we are engaged in a new currency war, and this time the consequences will be far worse than those that confronted Nixon.

Currency wars are one of the most destructive and feared outcomes in international economics. At best, they offer the sorry spectacle of countries’ stealing growth from their trading partners. At worst, they degenerate into sequential bouts of inflation, recession, retaliation, and sometimes actual violence. Left unchecked, the next currency war could lead to a crisis worse than the panic of 2008.

Currency wars have happened before-twice in the last century alone-and they always end badly. Time and again, paper currencies have collapsed, assets have been frozen, gold has been confiscated, and capital controls have been imposed. And the next crash is overdue. Recent headlines about the debasement of the dollar, bailouts in Greece and Ireland, and Chinese currency manipulation are all indicators of the growing conflict.

As James Rickards argues in Currency Wars, this is more than just a concern for economists and investors. The United States is facing serious threats to its national security, from clandestine gold purchases by China to the hidden agendas of sovereign wealth funds. Greater than any single threat is the very real danger of the collapse of the dollar itself.

Baffling to many observers is the rank failure of economists to foresee or prevent the economic catastrophes of recent years. Not only have their theories failed to prevent calamity, they are making the currency wars worse. The U. S. Federal Reserve has engaged in the greatest gamble in the history of finance, a sustained effort to stimulate the economy by printing money on a trillion-dollar scale. Its solutions present hidden new dangers while resolving none of the current dilemmas.

While the outcome of the new currency war is not yet certain, some version of the worst-case scenario is almost inevitable if U.S. and world economic leaders fail to learn from the mistakes of their predecessors. Rickards untangles the web of failed paradigms, wishful thinking, and arrogance driving current public policy and points the way toward a more informed and effective course of action.


James Rickards – Currency Wars

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Descarga: Joseph Campbell, “The Masks of God, Vol. 1, Primitive Mythology” (1960)



The author of such acclaimed books as Hero With a Thousand Faces and The Power of Myth discusses the primitive roots of mythology, examining them in light of the most recent discoveries in archaeology, anthropology, and psychology


“A monument of learning, wonder, and wisdom, daringly conceived and brilliantly written by a man who is at home in the Eastern and the Western universe of spirit.… In temporal span and spatial scope and in relevance to the needs of its own day, it is unexampled.”
—Henry A. Murray, Harvard University

About the Author

Joseph Campbell was interested in mythology since his childhood in New York, when he read books about American Indians, frequently visited the American Museum of Natural History, and was fascinated by the museum’s collection of totem poles. He earned his B.A. and M.A. degrees at Columbia in 1925 and 1927 and went on to study medieval French and Sanskrit at the universities of Paris and Munich. After a period in California, where he encountered John Steinbeck and the biologist Ed Ricketts, he taught at the Canterbury School, then, in 1934, joined the literature department at Sarah Lawrence College, a post he retained for many years. During the 1940s and ’50s, he helped Swami Nikhilananda to translate the Upanishads and The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. The many books by Professor Campbell include The Hero with a Thousand FacesMyths to Live ByThe Flight of the Wild Gander, and The Mythic Image. He edited The Portable Arabian NightsThe Portable Jung, and other works. He died in 1987.


Joseph Campbell (1904–1987) was an American author and teacher best known for his work in the field of comparative mythology. He was born in New York City in 1904, and from early childhood he became interested in mythology. He loved to read books about American Indian cultures, and frequently visited the American Museum of Natural History in New York, where he was fascinated by the museum’s collection of totem poles. Campbell was educated at Columbia University, where he specialized in medieval literature, and continued his studies at universities in Paris and Munich. While abroad he was influenced by the art of Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, the novels of James Joyce and Thomas Mann, and the psychological studies of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. These encounters led to Campbell’s theory that all myths and epics are linked in the human psyche, and that they are cultural manifestations of the universal need to explain social, cosmological, and spiritual realities.

After a period in California, where he encountered John Steinbeck and the biologist Ed Ricketts, he taught at the Canterbury School, and then, in 1934, joined the literature department at Sarah Lawrence College, a post he retained for many years. During the 40s and ’50s, he helped Swami Nikhilananda to translate the Upanishads and The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. He also edited works by the German scholar Heinrich Zimmer on Indian art, myths, and philosophy. In 1944, with Henry Morton Robinson, Campbell published A Skeleton Key to Finnegans Wake. His first original work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces, came out in 1949 and was immediately well received; in time, it became acclaimed as a classic. In this study of the “myth of the hero,” Campbell asserted that there is a single pattern of heroic journey and that all cultures share this essential pattern in their various heroic myths. In his book he also outlined the basic conditions, stages, and results of the archetypal hero’s journey.

Throughout his life, he traveled extensively and wrote prolifically, authoring many books, including the four-volume series The Masks of God, Myths to Live By, The Inner Reaches of Outer Space and The Historical Atlas of World Mythology. Joseph Campbell died in 1987. In 1988, a series of television interviews with Bill Moyers, The Power of Myth, introduced Campbell’s views to millions of people.

For more on Joseph Campbell and his work, visit the web site of Joseph Campbell Foundation at


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Joseph Campbell-The Masks of God, Vol. 1_ Primitive Mythology-Martin Secker & Warburg (1960)

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Descarga “Alain Badiou, Ethics: an Essay on the Understanding of Evil”

One of the most powerful voices in contemporary French philosophy explodes the facile assumptions behind the recent ethical turn.
Ethical questions dominate current political and academic agendas. While government think-tanks ponder the dilemmas of bio-ethics, medical ethics and professional ethics, respect for human rights and reverence for the Other have become matters of broad consensus.

Alain Badiou, one of the most powerful voices in contemporary French philosophy, explodes the facile assumptions behind this recent ethical turn. He shows how our prevailing ethical principles serve ultimately to reinforce an ideology of the status quo, and fail to provide a framework for an effective understanding of the concept of evil.

In contrast, Badiou summons up an “ethic of truths” which is designed both to sustain and inspire a disciplined, subjective adherence to a militant cause (be it political or scientific, artistic or romantic), and to discern a finely demarcated zone of application for the concept of evil. He defends an effectively super-human integrity over the respect for merely human rights, asserts a partisan universality over the negotiation of merely particular interests, and appeals to an “immortal” value beyond the protection of mortal privileges.

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Descarga aquí:


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